ASTM A213 Standard Specification for Ferritic and Austenitic Alloy

ASTM A213 Standard Specification for Seamless Ferritic and Austenitic Alloy-Steel Boiler, Superheater, and Heat-Exchanger
-09 standard is issued under the fixed designation A 213/A 213M; the number immediately following the designation indicates the year of original adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of last revision.

This standard is issued under the fixed designation A 213/A 213M; the number immediately following the designation indicates the year of original adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of last revision. A number in parentheses indicates the year of last reapproval. A superscript epsilon (′) indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval.
Thisstandardhas been approved for use by agencies of the Department of Defense.

Scope

1.1 This specication2 covers seamless ferritic and austenitic steel boiler,superheater, andheat-exchanger tubes, designated Grades T5,TP304, etc. These steels are listed in Tables 1 and 2.
1.2 Grades containing the letter, H, in their designation, have requirements different from those of similar grades not containing the letter, H. These different requirements provide higher creep-rupture strength than normally achievable in similar grades without these different requirements.
1.3 The tubing sizes and thicknesses usually furnished to this specication are 18 in. [3.2 mm] in inside diameter to 5 in. [127 mm] in outside diameter and 0.015 to 0.500 in. [0.4 to 12.7 mm], inclusive, in minimum wall thickness or, if specied in the order, average wall thickness. Tubing having other diameters may be furnished, provided such tubes comply with all other requirements of this specication.

1. The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. The inch-pound units shall apply unless the “M” designation of this specication is specied in the order.2. Referenced Documents

2.1 ASTM Standards:3

1 This specication is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee A01on Steel,Stainless Steeland Related Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee A01.10 on Stainless and Alloy Steel Tubular Products.
Current edition approved April 1, 2009. Published April 2009. Originally approved in 1939. Last previous edition approved in 2009 as A 213/A 213M – 09.
2 For ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code applications see related Specication SA-213 in Section II of that Code.
3 For referenced ASTM standards, visit the ASTM website, www.astm.org, or contact ASTM Customer Service at service@astm.org. ForAnnualBookofASTM Standards volume information, refer to the standard’s Document Summary page on the ASTM website.
A 262 Practices for Detecting Susceptibility to Intergranu lar Attack in AusteniticStainless Steels
A 941 Terminology Relating to Steel,Stainless Steel, Re lated Alloys, and Ferroalloys
A 1016/A 1016M Specication for General Requirements for Ferritic AlloySteel, Austenitic Alloy Steel, andStainless Steel Tubes
E112 Test Methods for Determining Average Grain Size

Terminology
1. Denitions—For denitions of terms used in this specication, refer to Terminology A 941.
2. Ordering Information

4.1 It shall be the responsibility of the purchaser to specify all requirements that are necessary for products under this specication. Such requirements to be considered include, but are not limited to, the following:
4.1.1 Quantity (feet, metres, or number of lengths),
4.1.2 Name of material (seamless tubes),
4.1.3 Grade (Tables 1 and 2),
4.1.4 Condition (hot nished or cold nished),
4.1.5 Controlled structural characteristics (see 6.3),
4.1.6 Size (outside diameter and minimum wall thickness, unless average wall thickness is specied),
4.1.7 Length (specic or random),
4.1.8 Hydrostatic Test or Nondestructive Electric Test (see 10.1),
4.1.9 Specication designation and year of issue,
4.1.10 Increased sulfur (for machinability, see Note B, Table 1, and 15.3), and

Special requirements and any supplementary requirements selected.
General Requirements

5.1 Product furnished to this specication shall conform to the requirements of SpecicationA 1016/A 1016M, including any supplementary requirements that are indicated.

Nominal Pipe Size(NPS): 1/8, 1/4, 3/8, 1/2, 3/4, 1, 1 1/4, 1 1/2, 2, 2 1/2 inch
Outside Diameter: 10,3 – 73 mm (0,405 – 2,875 inch)
Wall Thickness: 1,24 – 7,01 (0,049 – 0,276 inch)
Notes:
  • Steel Grades -TP 304, TP 304L, TP 316, TP 316L, TP 321, T5, T11, T12, T13, T91
  • Technical requirements acc. to ASTM A 450.
  • Size of pipes in accordance with ANSI/ASME B36.19M.
  • The quality of pipes is ensured by manufacturing process and non-destructive test.
  • Hardness of metal not less than 100 HB.
  • Length tolerance of measured pipes not greater than +10 mm.
  • Monitoring of continuity of metal by pneumotest with pressure of 6 bar is available.
  • Intergranular corrosion test in accordance with ASTM A262, Practice E is available.
  • Weight Count:(just for Alloy Steel)
  • Weight(Kg/M)=(OD-WT)*WT*0.02466 , OD:Outside Diameter, WT:Wall-Thickness
Sizes:
NPS, inch
Outside Diameter(mm)
Wall Thickness(mm)
Max. Length(M)
1/8
10,3
1,24; 1,73; 2,40
12
1/4
13,7
1,65; 2,24; 3,02
3/8
17,1
1,65; 2,31; 3,20
1/2
21,3
1,65; 2,11; 2,77; 3,73
3/4
26,7
1,65; 2,11; 2,87; 3,91
1
33,4
1,65; 2,77; 3,38; 4,55
10
1 1/4
42,4
1,65; 2,77; 3,56; 4,85
1 1/2
48,3
2,77; 3,68; 5,08
2
60,3
3,91; 5,54
7
2 1/2
73,0
5,16; 7,01
Outside diameter tolerance of ASTM A213 :
Hot rolled Outside Diameter, mm Tolerance, mm
OD≤101.6 +0.4/-0.8
101.6<OD≤190.5 +0.4/-1.2
190.5<OD≤228.6 +0.4/-1.6
Cold Drawn Outside Diameter, mm Tolerance, mm
OD<25.4 ±0.10
25.4≤OD≤38.1 ±0.15
38.1<OD<50.8 ±0.20
50.8≤OD<63.5 ±0.25
63.5≤OD<76.2 ±0.30
76.2≤OD≤101.6 ±0.38
101.6<OD≤190.5 +0.38/-0.64
190.5<OD≤228.6 +0.38/-1.14
Wall thickness & Tolerance of ASTM A213 Steel Tube :
Hot rolled Outside Diameter, mm Tolerance, %
OD≤101.6, WT≤2.4 +40/-0
OD≤101.6, 2.4<WT≤3.8 +35/-0
OD≤101.6, 3.8<WT≤4.6 +33/-0
OD≤101.6, WT>4.6 +28/-0
OD>101.6, 2.4<WT≤3.8 +35/-0
OD>101.6, 3.8<WT≤4.6 +33/-0
OD>101.6, WT>4.6 +28/-0
Cold Drawn Outside Diameter, mm Tolerance, %
OD≤38.1 +20/-0
OD>38.1 +22/-0
Mechanical properties:
Steel Grade
Tensile StrengthN/mm2(min)
Yield StrengthN/mm2(min)
Elongation % (min)
TP304
515
205
35
TP304L
485
170
35
TP316
515
205
35
TP316L
485
170
35
TP321
515
205
35
T11
≥415
≥205
30
T12
≥415
≥220
T13
≥415
≥205
30
Chemical Composition(%, max)
Steel Grade
C
Si
Mn
Cr
Ni
Mo
S
P
TP304
0,08
0,75
2
18 – 20
8 – 11
0,03
0,04
TP304L
0,035
0,75
2
18 – 20
8 – 13
0,03
0,04
TP316
0,08
0,75
2
16 – 18
11 – 14
2 – 3
0,03
0,04
TP316L
0,035
0,75
2
16 – 18
10 – 15
2 – 3
0,03
0,04
TP321
0,08
0,75
2
17 – 20
9 – 13
0,03
0,04
T11
0.05-0.15 0.50-1.00 0.30-0.60
0.5-1.0
1.0-1.5 ≤0.25 ≤0.025
T12
0.05-0.15 ≤0.50 0.30-0.61 0.80-1.25
0.44-0.65 ≤0.25 ≤0.025
T13
0.05-0.15 ≤0.50 0.30-0.60 1.90-2.60
0.87-1.13 ≤0.25 ≤0.025
Material Comparison Tables (ASTM →KS, JIS, DIN, BS, NBN, NF, UNI)
Grade UNS Designation C Mn P S Si Nickel Chromium Molybdenum Vana-
dium
Boron Niobium Nitrogen Aluminum Tungsten
T2 K11547 0.10–0.20 0.30–0.61 0.025 0.025B 0.10–0.30 0.50–0.81 0.44–0.65
T5 K41545 0.15 0.30–0.60 0.025 0.025 0.5 4.00–6.00 0.45–0.65
T5b K51545 0.15 0.30–0.60 0.025 0.025 1.00–2.00 4.00–6.00 0.45–0.65
T5c K41245 0.12 0.30–0.60 0.025 0.025 0.5 4.00–6.00 0.45–0.65
T9 K90941 0.15 0.30–0.60 0.025 0.025 0.25–1.00 8.00–10.00 0.90–1.10
T11 K11597 0.05–0.15 0.30–0.60 0.025 0.025 0.50–1.00 1.00–1.50 0.44–0.65
T12 K11562 0.05–0.15 0.30–0.61 0.025 0.025B 0.5 0.80–1.25 0.44–0.65
T17 K12047 0.15–0.25 0.30–0.61 0.025 0.025 0.15–0.35 0.80–1.25 0.15
T21 K31545 0.05–0.15 0.30–0.60 0.025 0.025 0.50–1.00 2.65–3.35 0.80–1.06
T22 K21590 0.05–0.15 0.30–0.60 0.025 0.025 0.5 1.90–2.60 0.87–1.13
T23 K40712 0.04–0.10 0.10–0.60 0.03 0.01 0.5 0.4 1.90–2.60 0.05–0.30 0.20–0.30 0.0010–0.006 0.02–0.08 0.015 0.03 1.45–1.75
T24 K30736 0.05–0.10 0.30–0.70 0.02 0.01 0.15–0.45 2.20–2.60 0.90–1.10 0.20–0.30 0.0015–0.007 0.012 0.02
T36 K21001 0.10–0.17 0.80–1.20 0.03 0.025 0.25–0.50 1.00–1.30 0.3 0.25–0.50 0.02 0.015–0.045 0.02 0.05
T91 K90901 0.07–0.14 0.30–0.60 0.02 0.01 0.20–0.50 0.4 8.0–9.5 0.85–1.05 0.18–0.25 0.06–0.10 0.030–0.07 0.02
T92 K92460 0.07–0.13 0.30–0.60 0.02 0.01 0.5 0.4 8.5–9.5 0.30–0.60 0.15–0.25 0.001–0.006 0.04–0.09 0.030–0.07 0.02 1.5–2.00
T122 K91271 0.07–0.14 0.7 0.02 0.01 0.5 0.5 10.0–11.5 0.25–0.60 0.15–0.30 0.0005–0.005 0.04–0.10 0.040– 0.02 1.50–2.50
T911 K91061 0.09–0.13 0.30–0.60 0.02 0.01 0.10–0.50 0.4 8.5–9.5 0.90–1.10 0.18–0.25 0.0003–0.006 0.06–0.10 0.040–0.09 0.02 0.90–1.10
Note:
  • Maximum, unless range or minimum is indicated. Where ellipses (…) appear in this table, there is no requirement, and analysis for the element need not be determined or reported.
  • It is permissible to order T2 and T12 with a sulfur content of 0.045 max. See 16.3.
  • Alternatively, in lieu of this ratio minimum, the material shall have a minimum hardness of 275 HV in the hardened condition, defined as after austenitizing and cooling to room temperature but prior to tempering.
    Hardness test frequency shall be two samples of product per heat treatment lot and the hardness testing results shall be reported on the material test report.
Heat Treatment
Grade Heat Treatment Type Austenitizing/Solutioning
Temperature, min. or range °F[°C]
Cooling Media Subcritical Annealing or Tempering
Temperature, min. or range °F[°C]
T2 full or isothermal anneal
normalize and temper
subcritical anneal 1200-1350[650-730]
T5 full or isothermal anneal
normalize and temper 1250[675]
T5b full or isothermal anneal
normalize and temper 1250[675]
T5c subcritical anneal air or furnace 1350[730]
T9 full or isothermal anneal
normalize and temper 1250[675]
T11 full or isothermal anneal
normalize and temper 1200[650]
T12 full or isothermal anneal
normalize and temper
subcritical anneal 1200-1350[650-730]
T17 full or isothermal anneal
normalize and temper 1200[650]
T21 full or isothermal anneal
normalize and temper 1250[675]
T22 full or isothermal anneal
normalize and temper 1250[675]
T23 normalize and temper 1900-1975[1040-1080] 1350-1470[730-800]
T24 normalize and temper 1800-1870[980-1020] 1350-1420[730-770]
T36 normalize and temper 1650[900] 1100[595]
T91 normalize and temper 1900-1975[1040-1080] 1350-1470[730-800]
T92 normalize and temper 1900-1975[1040-1080] 1350-1470[730-800]
T122 normalize and temper 1900-1975[1040-1080] 1350-1470[730-800]
T911 normalize and temper 1900-1975[1040-1080] 1365-1435[740-780]
ASTM A213 Equivalent steel grade:
Tube Steel Grade Pipe Fittings Plate Forgings
A213 T1 1/2Mo A335 P1 A234 WP1 A182 F1
A213 T5 5Cr-1/2Mo A335 P5 A234 WP5 A387 GRADE 5 A182 F5
A213 T9 9Cr-1Mo A335 P9 A234 WP9 A387 GRADE 9 A182 F9
A213 T11 1 1/4 Cr-1/2Mo A335 P11 A234 WP11 A387 GRADE 11 A182 F11
A213 T22 2 1/4Cr-1Mo A335 P22 A234 WP22 A387 GRADE 22 A182 F22
A213 T91 9Cr-1Mo-V-Nb A335 P91 A234 WP91 A387 GRADE 91 A182 F91
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