Organized in 1898, ASTM International is one of the world’s largest international standards developing organizations.
At ASTM International, producers, users, consumers, and others from all over the world join together to develop voluntary consensus standards. ASTM standards are developed under a process that embraces the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade Agreement principles. The ASTM standards development process is open and transparent, allowing individuals and governments to participate directly, and as equals, in a global consensus decision.
Thirty thousand ASTM members from 125 countries bring their technical expertise to the development of ASTM’s 12,000 international standards. These standards are used and accepted worldwide and cover areas such as metals, paints, plastics, textiles, petroleum, construction, energy, the environment, consumer products, medical services and devices, and electronics.
Development of Standards
The open process in which ASTM standards are developed is one reason why so many and such a broad range of industries have done their diverse standards development work within ASTM International.
Professionals from all over the globe participate in the ASTM system which recognizes technical expertise, not country of origin. With a high level of technical quality at the core of the ASTM standard, almost 50 percent of ASTM standards are distributed outside the United States.
To facilitate broad global input, ASTM International uses online technologies that encourage open participation and responsiveness to industry needs. They include Internet-based Standards Development Forums enabling 24/7 access worldwide, on-line balloting, electronic minutes and templates, virtual meetings, and state-of-the- art distribution methods.
Services of ASTM International
In addition to this accommodating standards development atmosphere, ASTM International provides services that expand the knowledge and application of standards. ASTM’s programs include symposia, proficiency testing programs, publications in a variety of formats, and technical training courses. ASTM publishes a monthly magazine, Standardization News, which covers the topic of standards development around the world.
Use of standards
The standards of ASTM International are used in research and development, quality systems, product testing and acceptance, and commercial transactions all around the globe. They are integral components of today’s competitive business strategies.
Annual book of ASTM
The Annual Book of ASTM Standards for Steel consists of 8 volumes. It contains formally approved ASTM standard classifications, guides, practices, specifications, test methods and terminology and related material such as proposals. These terms are defined as follows in the Regulations Governing ASTM Technical Committees.
- Steel Pipes, Tubes and Fittings
- Steel Plates for General Structure
- Steel Plates for Boiler and Pressure Vessels
- Steels for Machine Structural Use
- Steels for Special Purposes
- The following data is given for each standard:
- Standard number and year
Mechanical properties (yield point, tensile strength, notch toughness)
When deemed useful, steel type, manufacturing method, thickness of plate, heat treatment, and other data are described.
Commonly used ASTM standards for Pipes, Valves & Fittings;
A53 – Standard Specification for Pipe, Steel, Black and Hot-Dipped, Zinc-Coated, Welded and Seamless
A105 – Standard Specification for Carbon Steel Forgings for Piping Applications
A106 – Standard Specification for Seamless Carbon Steel Pipe for High-Temperature Service
A182 – Standard Specification for Forged or Rolled Alloy and Stainless Steel Pipe Flanges, Forged Fittings, and Valves and Parts for High-Temperature Service
A193 – Standard Specification for Alloy-Steel and Stainless Steel Bolting Materials for High Temperature or High Pressure Service and Other Special Purpose Applications
A194 – Standard Specification for Carbon and Alloy Steel Nuts for Bolts for High Pressure or High Temperature Service, or Both
A216 – Standard Specification for Steel Castings, Carbon, Suitable for Fusion Welding, for High-Temperature Service
A217 – Standard Specification for Steel Castings, Martensitic Stainless and Alloy, for Pressure-Containing Parts, Suitable for High-Temperature Service
A234 – Standard Specification for Piping Fittings of Wrought Carbon Steel and Alloy Steel for Moderate and High Temperature Service
A312 – Standard Specification for Seamless, Welded, and Heavily Cold Worked Austenitic Stainless Steel Pipes
A320 – Standard Specification for Alloy-Steel and Stainless Steel Bolting Materials for Low-Temperature Service
A333 – Standard Specification for Seamless and Welded Steel Pipe for Low-Temperature Service
A335 – Standard Specification for Seamless Ferritic Alloy-Steel Pipe for High-Temperature Service
A350 – Standard Specification for Carbon and Low-Alloy Steel Forgings, Requiring Notch Toughness Testing for Piping Components
A351 – Standard Specification for Castings, Austenitic, for Pressure-Containing Parts
A352 – Standard Specification for Steel Castings, Ferritic and Martensitic, for Pressure-Containing Parts, Suitable for Low-Temperature Service
A403 – Standard Specification for Wrought Austenitic Stainless Steel Piping Fittings
A420 – Standard Specification for Piping Fittings of Wrought Carbon Steel and Alloy Steel for Low-Temperature Service
A530 – Standard Specification for General Requirements for Specialized Carbon and Alloy Steel Pipe