Stub Ends are fittings used in place of welded flanges where rotating back up flanges are desired.
Pipe reducer A reducer is the component in a pipeline that reduces the pipe size from a larger to a smaller bore (inner diameter). The length of the reduction is usually equal to the average of the larger and smaller…
Butt weld pipe Tee allows a 90 degree branch off from a running pipe.
Long Radius Pipe Bends & Return Dimensions (Pipe U Bends)
An elbow is a pipe fitting installed between two lengths of pipe or tubing to allow a change of direction, usually a 90° or 45° angle, though 22.5° elbows are also made.
DIN2605 EN10253 BS1965 steel pipes size dimensions
A question was put to the PM Engineer (PME) staff (one of SUPPLY HOUSE TIMES sister magazines) asking how nominal pipe size came to be. Here is the answer provided by PME Editorial Director Julius Ballanco.